- Ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices are classed as group 1 carcinogens – that is ‘Carcinogenic to Humans’ according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer – this group includes asbestos and tobacco.
- Research shows that using solariums before the age of 35 boosts the risk of melanoma by 59%
- Exposure to indoor tanning beds is also associated with a 67% increase in the risk of squamous cell carcinoma and a 29% increase in the risk of basal cell carcinoma.
- Australia is the melanoma capital of the world. Melanoma is the most common cancer among 15-44 year olds in Australia
- Skin cancer already cost the health system around $300 million annually. Banning solariums will reduce this cost and save money through the health system.
- 281 melanoma cases linked to solarium use each year in Australia
- 43 melanoma related deaths linked to solarium use each year in Australia
- 2,572 new cases of squamous cell carcinoma linked to solarium use each year.
- Solariums emit ultraviolet radiation up to six times stronger than the sun.
- Solariums emit UVA and UVB radiation, both known causes of skin cancer.
Q. What is happening?
- From 31 December 2014, a ban will come into effect in New South Wales on businesses providing UV tanning services for cosmetic purposes.
- It is proposed that the Government will give effect to this ban under Regulations to the Radiation Control Act. Public comment on the proposed regulation package will occur in mid 2012.
Q. Why is the Government banning commercial tanning units?
- The Government is introducing a ban on commercial UV tanning units to reduce the incidence of cancer associated with the use of tanning units.
- A recent Australian study confirmed the link between tanning unit use and increased risk of melanoma. It also found an association between tanning unit use and early-onset melanoma, with risk increasing with greater use and an earlier age at first use.
Q. Was the community consulted about the ban?
- A community consultation process occurred in 2010 when the Government proposed to strengthen regulation of solaria by extending the age limit on users to 30 years old and the skin-type exclusion up to include people with Type 2 skin.
- This process provided a clear indication of the views of opponents and supporters of tighter solaria regulations. Excluding people on the basis of risk according to their age and skin type was discriminatory and not workable.
Q. What are the facts about tanning units and skin cancer?
- Skin cancer, including melanoma, is the most prevalent cancer in Australia and is closely associated with exposure to UV radiation; this includes UV from tanning units, which can emit UV at up to several times the strength of the midday sun.
- In 2008 alone, 3,591 people were diagnosed with melanoma in New South Wales, 489 of whom died because of the disease.
- In 2009, the International Agency for Research in Cancer classified UV radiation from solaria tanning units as a Grade 1 carcinogen, beside tobacco and asbestos.
Q. If the NSW Government is concerned about health impacts from cancer why not ban cigarettes and alcohol?
- In February 2012, the NSW Government announced anti-smoking measures to ban smoking in outdoor public places including all commercial dining areas, bus stops, taxi ranks and near the doorways of public buildings to make the state’s tobacco restrictions among the harshest in the nation.
- The Government is committed to reducing tobacco-related harm in NSW through the development of tobacco policy, service provision such as the NSW Quit Campaign, and legislative reforms to further strengthen tobacco control efforts in NSW.
Q. Who will be affected?
- The Regulation applies to a solaria business, which means a commercial establishment containing one or more tanning units used to provide a service of tanning human skin for cosmetic purposes.
- UV therapy in medical environments will not be affected.
Q. What does this mean for solaria businesses?
- From 31 December 2014, businesses will no longer be allowed to provide UV tanning services.
- The existing solaria laws apply until the ban takes effect, and the EPA will continue to inspect commercial businesses operating tanning units to check their compliance with legal requirements.
Q. What about spray tans?
- The ban only applies to UV tanning machines. Spray-tan booths are not affected by this regulation.
Q. Why wait 3 years to implement the ban?
- The NSW Government wants to give businesses and their clients time to adjust to the change and ensure an orderly exit from the industry.
Q. What Government assistance is there for businesses affected by the ban?
- Existing government services are available to assist businesses evaluate their options during the 3 year lead in and commencement of the ban.
- Support for businesses in transition is available from NSW business advisory services, which are supported by the NSW Department of Trade and Investment. Business advisory services (BAS) provide a range of information and advice for business owners and managers to plan their growth and development. BAS support includes:o Free business advice to assist in changing business models, strategic plan development, marketing, financial planningo Business plan templates, on-line videos, advice/toolkitso Business Mentoring programs
- BAS providers also offer workshops, networking opportunities and seminars designed to bring together business owners to share ideas, develop new business opportunities and extend business networks.
- There are 14 organisations at locations across the State delivering business advisory services. Details about BAS services can be obtained by calling 1300 134 359. list of BAS offices can be found at: http://www.smallbiz.nsw.gov.au/start/earlystages/BAS/Pages/BASproviders.aspx”>
- The Department of Trade and Investment operates a range of other programs and resources to support small business.
- The Government will also assist businesses with the disposal of the tanning units and globes. Solaria operators can contact Mark Carey at the EPA on (02) 9995 5737 to make inquiries about disposal.
Q. What do I need to do if I decide to stop offering UV tanning services?
- If you have ceased to offer UV tanning services, you must notify the EPA within 30 days.Mail to: Hazardous Materials, Chemicals and Radiation Section Environment Protection AuthorityPO Box A290 Sydney South NSW 1232Or, fax to (02) 9995 6603, orEmail the details to: firstname.lastname@example.orgOn-line at the EPA website at: www.environment.nsw.gov.au/radiation/solariaNotificationForm.htm
- EPA http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/radiation/solaria.htm, or call Environment Line on 131 555 or email: email@example.com.
- Cancer Institute NSW Fact sheets and public education programs: skin cancer, smoking, vitamin D www.darksideoftanning.com.au
- World Health Organisation http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs287/en/index.html
How many businesses offer UV tanning services in NSW?
- 122 businesses in NSW.
- The business type break down:Solaria only 27Gyms/fitness centres 35Beauticians/Hairdressers 54Other mixed business 6
Solariums (also called solaria, sunbeds or tanning booths) are fitted with light tubes that release concentrated artificial UV radiation. UV radiation is a type of energy produced naturally by the sun, or artificially in solariums.
Solariums are not a safe way to tan.
An estimated one in six melanomas in young Australians aged 18-29 could be prevented if solaria were shut down
A tan is much more than skin turning brown. Even a light tan is a sign that your skin has been exposed to too much UV radiation and that damage has occurred to the cells below.
The Following Australian States and Territories have announced bans on Solaria effective January 1st 2015.
NSW read HERE
Queensland read HERE
Victoria read HERE
Tasmania read HERE
South Australia read HERE
ACT read HERE
Northern Territory read HERE
Western Australia have announced solariums will be banned but not until later in 2015
Until the ban becomes effective solariums in NSW, S.A, Victoria, WA, ACT, Tasmania and Qld are subject to regulations introduced in 2009. In accordance with the Regulation persons under 18 years of age and persons with skin type l (very fair) are already banned from using solariums.
Sunbedban is currently campaigning for a ban on Solaria in New Zealand.
Australian Capital Territory
On 13 June, 2013, the ACT Government announced it would ban all commercial solariums from 31 December, 2014.
The Radiation Protection (Tanning Unit) Amendment Regulation 2010 (No 1) commenced on 17 November, 2010. The Regulation puts in place a number of safety requirements including use of the Fitzpatrick skin assessment for each client, exclusion of persons with pale white skin and those under 18 years of age. The Regulation also requires registration of tanning units and licensing of operators by the ACT Radiation Council.
An overview of the responsibilities of solarium owners and operators can be found on the ACT Government Health Information website.
New South Wales
On 4 February, 2012, the NSW Government announced it would ban commercial solariums from 31 December, 2014.
The NSW Radiation Control Amendment (Tanning Units) Regulation commenced on 29 May, 2009. Safety requirements of the current Regulation include the use of the Fitzpatrick skin assessment for each client, exclusion of persons with pale white skin and those under 18 years of age, and appropriate training of all operators.
More information is available from the Department of Environment, Water and Climate Change.
The Radiation Protection Act started on 5 October, 2009. Under the act, a licence is required to own and operate a radiation source, and users must be accredited. Tanning units must be registered under the Act. The Act is written in accordance with the framework described in the National Directory for Radiation Protection.
Find more information on the Northern Territory Government Department of Health website.
In October 2013, the Queensland Government announced a ban on commercial solariums, effective from 1 January, 2014. This followed a December 2012 announced to ban new commercial solariums, from 1 January, 2013.
The solarium industry in Queensland has been regulated as of 1 June, 2011. Owning and operating a solarium in Queensland is dependent on compliance with the requirements of the Radiation Safety Act 1999 and the Radiation Safety Regulation 2010. Solarium operators are required to hold a possession license, take into account skin type and undergo training to minimise risk to consumers.
Solarium use for cosmetic purposes in commercial settings has been restricted to people aged 18 and over since March 2009, when section 47A of the Radiation Safety Act 1999 was introduced.
More detailed information about the regulatory requirements for solarium operators in Queensland is available from the QLD Health website
On 25 October, 2012, the South Australian Government announced it would ban all commercial solariums from 31 December, 2014.
The solarium industry has been regulated in South Australia since March 2008. Regulations require any person who operates a solarium to be licensed under the Radiation Protection Act.
Regulations require operators of solariums to abide by the Australian Standard AS/NZS 2635:2002 Solaria for cosmetic purposes.
See the South Australia Environment Protection Authority website for more information on the requirements of solarium owners.
The lower house of the Tasmanian Government passed a motion on 21 November, 2012 to ban solariums (except for medical purposes) by 2014.
Current guidelines are pursuant to section 184 of the Tasmanian Public Health Act 1997 and effective as of 26 August, 2009. The guidelines ban people aged under 18 and those with very fair skin from using tanning units for cosmetic reasons. Users must sign a consent form before beginning a course of tanning. From March 2010 operators require training in identifying skin types.
More information is available from the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services.
In 2008, registration of all tanning units for cosmetic purposes in a commercial setting became mandatory in Western Australia under the section 36 of the Radiation Safety Act.
The registered owner of a solarium must comply with the conditions of the act. Key requirements include that people under the age of 18 and those with very fair skin (skin type I) are banned from using solariums, skin assessments are undertaken and consent forms completed by all clients, and all operators are trained on the requirements of the Radiation Safety Act.
For more information about the WA Safety Regulations Act contact the Radiological Council on (08) 9346 2260.
On 5 April, 2013, the New Zealand Government announced a plan to introduce an age restriction on sunbed use, prohibiting people under the age of 18 from using commercial sunbeds.
Tanning industry exposed: Evidence demonstrates link between indoor tanning and skin cancer, dermatologists committed to educating public on risks http://www.aad.org/stories-and-news/news-releases/tanning-industry-exposed-evidence-demonstrates-link-between-indoor-tanning-and-skin-cancer-dermatologists-committed-to-educating-public-on-risks
Short-wavelength UVB (280-315 nm) has been recognized for some time as carcinogenic in experimental animals, and there is increasing evidence that longer-wavelength UVA (315-400 nm) used in sunbeds, which penetrates more deeply into the skin, also contributes to the induction of cancer. A study conducted in Norway and Sweden showed a significant increase in the risk of malignant melanoma among women who had regularly used sunbeds. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs287/en/
Ban of commercial UV tanning units in NSW.
Dying for a Tan
In all her time with 60 Minutes, Liz Hayes hasn’t come across anyone braver than Clare Oliver.
Clare was just 26 years old when Liz met her. She was in the final stages of skin cancer with only a few days left to live.
But she was determined to make those days count.
Her final wish was to warn other young people about the dangers of tanning. It’s a message worth repeating.
Watch heartbreaking video here http://sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com.au/stories/lizhayes/291312/dying-for-a-tan
Sadly Clare Oliver passed away September 13 2007. Her legacy lives on…
Melanoma patient’s last wish includes warning about tanning beds
“I used to say that I don’t care if I die from tanning as long as I die with a tan,” said Ashley. “I used to say that. I don’t think that way anymore.”
When we first met Ashley back in 2011, she was already on her third clinical trial, battling melanoma, the most deadly kind of skin cancer. She was traveling to and from Portland every week, desperately hoping that this time she’d finally beat it for good.
Last May 16, a major milestone: Ashley celebrated the big 40 with her parents Bob and Karen and a crowd of friends.
“I think there were about a hundred people there,” said Ashley’s mother Karen. “They just had a grand time as we did celebrating her 40th year, thinking that she may not make 41st.”
Nine months later, the tumors are too numerous to count.
“Head to about right here – that’s where most all of my pain is. All the tumors are in pretty much that area,” said Ashley.
It’s the end of a journey.
Watch heartbreaking video here http://www.king5.com/health/Young-woman-with-skin-cancer–192637701.html